ASSESSING THE STATUS OF KALYANIS FOR REJUVENATION IN DIFFERENT
AGRO- CLIMATIC ZONES OF KARNATAKA STATE USING GEO-SPATIAL
Kalyanis are traditional water tanks, which used to store rainwater for domestic use such as drinking, bathing, washing. These are ponds paved with stones on the banks and gradually sloping towards the centre. Kalyanis constructed near temples called Pushkaranis play very important role in socio-religious and cultural activities of Indian tradition and as a storage reservoir to supply water for temples. Apart from the sanctity attached to them, these ponds help to recharge the wells in and around the area. That was one of the reasons for the ancient rulers to allot funds for their development and maintenance. Traditionally, where the rainfall was relatively low, every effort was made to retain all the water that fell on the ground through appropriate water retention and conservation strategies like Kalyanis.
Now most of the kalyanis are in a state of disuse and in dilapidation. This study attempts to assess the present status of Kalyanis and suggest scientific measures for their rejuvenation in different agro-climatic zones of the state.
In the present study, an attempt will be made to investigate the hydro-geological, lithological, geomorphological status of Kalyanis in 3 districts (Tumkur, Hassan and Bagalkot) of different agro-climatic zones of the state through field work and application of advanced scientific tools like Geographic Information System (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS) and Remote Sensing.
• To survey and map the location of Kalyanis using GPS technology
• To create the digital database both spatial & non spatial database on various parameters and hyperlink the present photographs using Geospatial technology.
• To assess the present status, storage capacity, run off inflow, catchment area, siltation and Discharge
• To ascertain the status and sources of pollution and analyze the water quality
• To provide scientific remedial measures for rejuvenation based on its location, Physical status, geo-hydrological status and usage.
The results serve as a first hand information on current status of Kalyanis to user agencies like Panchayat Raj Engineering department, Zilla Panchayath, Muzrai Department and District administration for better planning, monitoring and implementation of developmental activities to undertake the rejuvenation and revival works of the kalyanis for sustainable development of the area. The Council has contacted the Chief Executive Officers of the concerned district to provide the detailed list of villages and their kalyanis. The project team will visit each Kalyani and collect the relevant details.