VILLAGE INFORMATION SYSTEM (VIS)

 

CONCEPT PAPER

Principal Investigator: Mr. H. Hemanth Kumar

Prelude

The country is passing through rapid developments in almost all spheres of science and technology. These developments, which have a significant focus on the exploration, development and management of resources, have been contributing to:

i. generation of enormous amount of disseminated data and

ii. an imbalanced development in many sectors with a very little concern to sustainability, societal involvement and relevance.

Though significantly large data sets have been generated on various aspects on spatial and temporal scales, many major challenges remain unaddressed. To mention a couple of them;

i. uneven distribution of data in spatial and temporal domains

ii. lack of awareness among user communities, executives and policy makers on the relevance, scope, use and impact of such data in decision making.

In this context, the NSDI of the Department of Science & Technology, New Delhi has conceptualized and initiated an innovative programme on the development, validation and standardization of data structure and the optimum data requirements providing a subtle framework for spatial data development and management. It needs to be realized at this stage, that the mechanisms and scope of the Govt. agencies and the associated systems are not being able to fill the gaps to address the national needs. It is time that innovative systems involving the youth need to be developed, tested and standardized before being implemented.

Spatial Data Infrastructure

The scope for collection of required data on spatial and temporal scales does not seem to be viable with the current structure, mechanisms and resources of government and professional agencies. At the same time, the rapid developments taking place in almost all sectors, the information at village level has become highly critical and vital not only to propose and design new developmental programmes but also to develop and manage the resources in a sustainable way. As such detailed information at the village level has become imperative both in time and space. The changing climatic conditions resulting in an erratic behaviour of rainfall and the associated groundwater fluctuations and the available surface water resources play a major role not only in agriculture and food sectors, but also on the socio economic aspects of the entire nation. Further, industrialization and urbanization in the absence of an effective implementation of the regulations, have been contributing substantially to pollution of the natural resources. The welfare programmes proposed by the local and the Central Governments need to have right inputs for decision making and implementation.

Under these circumstances, it is contemplated to tap the energetic and ignited youth pursuing under graduate and graduate programmes in science and social science disciplines in the collection, collation and pre-processing of required data at village level. This would also inculcate national spirit and develop self-confidence among youth. With a marginal financial compensation, the concept of "Earn while you learn" can be promoted among the needy and talented youth. The academic community from the representing Universities and Professional bodies can train and supervise these students to ensure generation of quality data within the stipulated time frames. In this context, it is proposed to develop and initiate this concept on a pilot scale in selected locations. The basic strength and the spirit of these centers would be the young students from the Colleges and the Universities around. These centres, while generating the data at the village level would develop a Village Information System (VIS) for an effective development and management of the local resources and activities.

The Village Information System is expected to comprise of spatial data on demography, natural resources, climate, land use land cover patterns and socio economic aspects etc.

Objectives

  1. Identify and design a spatial data model.

  2. Assessment, collection and collation of available data and supplement data gaps vis-a-vis developmental activities.

  3. Validation of data model.

  4. Development of an integrated information system using geospatial technologies.

  5. Development of decision support information modules to empower planners and citizens.

The Approach / Methodology

The energetic and enthusiastic student community from the Universities and the nearby affiliated colleges will be selected and to form "Work Groups" to be associated with identified Villages/ Panchayats. These students will be trained on the data formats, collection and collation procedures and porting the data on to a GIS platform. The Principal and Co-Principal Investigators from the identified national centres will be trained on the data structure, data collection, analyses and management procedures for comparability. The data generated, after quality control, will be hosted on a public domain with scope to utilize the same as a Decision Support Information System in the management of resources and developmental activities at village level.

At each of these centres at least 15 to 20 students who will be trained every year on the generation and processing of spatial data along with scope to earn a bit while being more productive in weekends. All necessary measures will be taken not to hamper the academic career of the students. The students will have ample scope not only to be associated scientific programmes but also will be able to involve and appreciate the life and needs of rural population and can take pride in nation building. In the process they will also get trained in geospatial technologies.

 

A report on Training Program on "Preparation of Digital Base Maps Using a Synergic Integration of Cadastral Maps and Satellite Imageries" held during 20th June, 2016 to 24th June, 2016
 

Resurvey of village/cadastral maps using Geospatial Technologies and status of VIS project


Preparation of Digital Base Maps from Cadastral Maps and RS Data Products

 

 

 

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