A Study of Bangalore as an Urban Ecosystem

The Urban Ecosystem approach involves a study of cities "as the loci of living population interacting with natural and built environment. These interactions take place within a boundary permeable to inputs and outputs. Transactions in the city require energy and other resources with different amounts of knowledge and organisation to maintain life. The resources, particularly energy are supplied in the form of food and fuel, and indirectly in the form of material inputs".

Such an urban ecosystem approach permits the identification of resource-conserving programmes which in turn can have a profound effect on the planning of cities when these programmes are coupled with appropriate policy and institutional measures.